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Sai Institute of Sports Injury

Introduction to knee Arthroscopy

Arthroscopy is an endoscopic surgical procedure in which a small tube like instrument called an arthroscope is inserted into a joint with a small nick. Fluid is then pumped into the joint to allow the surgeon to thoroughly examine the knee and identify the real problem. During the procedure, the surgeon also can insert surgical instruments through other small pin holes into your knee to repair damaged tissues and cartilage or remove loose pieces. During the procedure which is performed under regional anaeshtesia the patient is awake and if interested can watch the procedure.

Advantages of arthroscopy over conventional open surgery

  • Less invasive surgery has benefited the patient by decreasing time to recovery
  • Pain after surgery
  • Stiffness
  • Surgical blood loss
  • Stay in the hospital


  • Removal or repair of torn meniscus.
  • Reconstruction of a torn cruciate ligament.
  • Removal Loose fragments of bone or cartilage
  • Treat damaged joint surfaces or softening of the articular cartilage known as chondromalacia
  • Treat Inflammation of the synovial membrane, such as rheumatoid or infective arthritis Treat abnormal alignment or      instability of the knee cap