The acromioclavicular (AC) joint is the meeting point of the acromion process of the scapula and clavicle bones, often seen with a visible bump in the area.
Injuries to this joint occur usually due to fall or road traffic accidents, causing the clavicle to disrupt from the joint. This results in stretching and or or tearing of ligaments around the joint.
Conservative treatment is often sufficient to low grade injuries with a brace or a sling. Surgery may be required for injuries that are more severe or those that cause prolonged pain. Surgery for AC joint injuries include removing the end or restoring the position of the clavicle to relieve pain and allow the patient to resume normal functioning of the joint.
These surgeries can be performed under arthroscopy guidance or through open method, depending on the type and severity of the surgery. Arthroscopy offers patients smaller incisions, shorter recovery times and less trauma.